The term Para-Functional design: beyond just functionality and include a poetic narrative story
“a role for design objects as discourse where functionality can be used to criticize the limits that products impose on our actions”
+ The THIS IS NOT A LAMP was a project in which Tobias added illumination to Philippe Starck’s Bubble chair
+ Tobias iPad case
+ google glass
I think that definition of health is very personal and can be varied depending on circumstances and personal genetic factor a person possess. Self-awareness is very important for understanding personal health and finding a certain solutions to improve or maintain health care. Let’s think about everyday life such as eating, drinking, walking, working, meeting people, and sleeping etc. It seems everyone has very similar pattern of daily routine, but on the other hands, details are very different such as what to eat, who we’re meeting, how we’re transporting, how much time he sleeps and etc. I would define health is a goal that a person would like to achieve to be satisfied in a certain environment.
I’m a type of person who is trying to avoid doing bad habits such as smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, and excessive eating and it is most important about my health. However, maintaining rules and everyday routine are sometimes very difficult and it is lifetime mission since we’re exposed to many disturbances in many relationships in everyday life such as eating out schedules, business traveling, family event, friends, co-workers, and many other communities. Controlling disturbances are very important for me to improve my health that I can do excercise more regularly and maintain positive attitude and relationships with others.
As a designer, It is very important to make people understand their own patterns to find appropriate behavioral modifications to have better life and live a healthier life. To do this, personally I would like to focus on relationships. It seems many of already existing tools to improve personal health is very personal oriented such as tracking their own steps and calculating calories they’re eating everyday etc. One thing that is missing is a part of relationships. In details, social aspects of relationships—who you’re living with, who you’re dining with, where you’ve been usually in weekend—may be very important to control healthy life.
My understanding of the lesson of Mr. Layard is that happiness can be articulated in many different ways but can be achieved through very positive attitude and action to promote the increase of happiness and the reduction of misery since everyone must have many variable circumstances such as society, culture, age, gender and health. I also believe that negative or positive attitude is very much related to circumstances and human relationships.
disturbances and variables to be managed and controlled from circumstances.
emotions (anger/anxiety/sadness, etc.)
How can we make our lives better? What should be the goal of our lives? Ultimate goal of human being? Happiness. Which people are happy? What is happiness? These are intriguing questions and topics to me when I was watching this video. I guess definitely happiness may be ultimate goal of our lives. However, we don’t really know how to make ourselves happy and how to make other people happy. Human relationship and mental health, one of keyword Mr. Layard mentioned was very interesting. Also, I agreed with importance of attitude in a certain circumstances as action for happiness. My understanding of his lesson is that happiness can be articulated in many different ways but can be achieved through very positive attitude and action to promote the increase of happiness and the reduction of misery since everyone must have many variable circumstances such as society, culture, age, gender and health. His happiness movement is also very interesting. Happiness is an everyday exercise and life mission statement to achieve.
“Don’t Shoot The Dog” is a interesting book. Pryor bring her perspective as an animal trainer to talk about behavior changes and training of anyone—human or animal. At first, I wasn’t sure how method of training animals can be applied to human, but as I read this book, it was interesting to see her points. I don’t think everything can be suitable for human behavior changes, but I can see how her suggestions might be related to human behavior changes.
Reinforcement is relative and it can be positive or negative depending on situations. While positive reinforcement works better than negative reinforcement, negative reinforcement is not punishment and it can be used effectively. Timing is also important when using reinforcers. She mentioned that one possible application of reinforcement training is reinforcing myself and I am curious to try it with her ten shaping rules and eight methods to myself and see how it works.
Ten govern shaping rules she talks about on the chapter two to develop super performance are:
1. Raise criteria in increments small for a realistic chance
2. Train one aspect of a behavior at a time
3. Use variable schedule of reinforcement
4. When introducing a new criterion, relax the old ones
5. Stay ahead for any sudden progress
6. Don’t change trainers during training
7. Find other methods
8. Don’t interrupt a training session
9. If process doesn’t work, review
10. End each section successfully
Eight methods to end unwanted behaviors are:
1. Remove from situation
3. Negative reinforcement (Remove unpleasant when desired behavior occurs)
4. Extinction (Let the behavior go away)
5. Train incompatible behavior
6. Put the behavior on cue to get rid of unwanted behavior
7. Reinforce anything not undesired behavior
8. Change the motivation
Mass Interpersonal Persuasion:
An Early View of a New Phenomenon
BJ Fogg talks about mass interpersonal persuasion (MIP), a new form of persuasion. Through MIP’s six components, he explains how each component works and all show work together to have MIP. I like the way how he applied this concept to his class and student was able to experience by creating projects for Facebook. It is amazing how Facebook became a platform that fulfills all six components of MIP and how it influences millions of users—it enables users to change attitudes and/or behaviors, persuade experience in digital space, share information with their friends quickly and to massive people with simple steps, and measure impacts. I agree that another reason lots of third party apps could succeed on Facebook is that users could experience different apps in same space where they are already familiar with.
Like BJ Fogg mentions, I hope there will be more great solutions to generate positive effects on our digital society in the future of MIP.
D.I & Jihyun