The reading discusses how dopamine, a neuro transmitter that regulates emotions, allows us to perform deep insights through an invisible analysis. We learn simple patterns of reward when prediction neurons in our brains respond to whether certain expectations are met or not met. These patterns are then further refined through experience so that when there are deviances and discrepancies from our learned expectation, the brain generates an negative emotional response in the ACC (also known by its scientific name, the “oh, shit!” circuit.) Basically, this highlights the intelligence of our emotions that allow us to accurately identify mismatches between expectations and outcomes. These negative emotions are important in helping the brain repeatedly revise and refine its models, which can only be achieved through experience, of which failures are more beneficial than successes. This is how intuitive thinking is developed, when we evaluate situations and information based on a keen sense of feelings and emotions.