Globalization is the process by which the world is “shrunk” as a consequence of companies and cultures spreading all over the globe. When things travel across oceans or lands into other lands, new information is presented onto that new land. This new information makes the world a little bit smaller because the old land doesn’t seem so foreign. In the past, technology propelled globalization. The invention of the maritime travel made trading easier and much safer. And with new products being exchanged from land to land, new ideas and cultures were exchanged as well. And this was great because it allowed the syncretizing cultures to create new ones. The world is getting even smaller now because of the Internet and the companies that have sprung up as a result of it. Facebook connects billions and billions of people and even though facebook does some very questionable things, the connection it allows people is undeniable.
Globalization is when a business, product, or idea influences people on an international scale. The importance of globalization is the spread of ideas, culture, and innovations.
There are many factors that contribute to globalization, but a main one would be technology. Technology has massively impacted our lives, since it can perform daily tasks for us, entertain us, and allow us to talk to people from far away. It came about during the Industrial Revolution and since then it is known for social change and improvements in the working world. However, not much has really changed that much. During the Industrial Revolution, jobs were created and workers were placed together under one roof working for a person in power for the benefit of the boss and those who purchase the good. This sounds familiar now even when technology is in the picture to help businesses with their efficiency.
However, globalization can also be bad. It’s amazing for the consumers and the people in power, but it’s the other way around for the workers. Workers may have to adhere to terrible working conditions, because the association they are working for don’t grant them their working rights. This is evidently shown in the Amazon warehouse worker horror stories. Amazon claims to provide the needed breaks and benefits to their employees, but their employees cannot say the same. It has been said that the workers are given extremely short breaks and high stress levels trying to meet a certain packaging quota.
I think it is not the technology that causes globalization; however, technology boosts globalization. Globalization has started when the human being starts to exist. People travel on land to meet people from other parts of the land. They begin to trade and exchange information. Later, when people are curious about what is beyond the sea, they start to make boats. When boats are made, people can travel to other continents. That is when the real globalization happens. The globalization that we are talking about nowadays is about the digitalization of everything. This great advance makes international collaborations and discussions happen.
I think globalization is good and bad at the same time. On one hand, globalization helps us to make a more connected world in both physical and digital form. These connections make inventions happen: people can easily build on other people’s progress. On the other hand, globalization is the practice of imperialism because the more powerful cultures will always annex the cultures of small countries to expand globally. The annexation is inevitable because the more powerful culture will always earn more chances to show their culture. In the end, people will forget the small cultures.
As technology became increasingly advanced over time, distance between people has not been such a problem as before. It is hard to tell at what time the globalization began. However, it is clear to all of us, especially the international students, globalization is indeed happening. In our daily life in the U.S., buying goods produced form some Asian countries, especially China, is not uncommon. Even some national flags are produced in China. Is it the highly advanced technology that causes globalization today?
In the reading, “It’s Not Technology That’s Disrupting Our Jobs,” the writer states that, contrary to our common sense that technology will replace human labor force, our decisions about economy and policies cause the technology to change. From the author’s point of view, people update ways of operation and production in order to corporate with the emerging technology in the world. In this way, the productivity could be greatly improved. In other words, technology will not disrupt our jobs. What it is changing is the way we produce. The author also gives the example of industrious period workers to further support his point of view.
However, incorrect combination of human labors and technology and machines will lead to conflicts between profits and workers’ well-beings. In the reading about Amazon fulfillment center workers, Amazon is charged of being too strict to its workers in order to obtain higher level of productivity. I have been visited an Amazon fulfillment center in California, and what I found there is that, in addition to the human workers who pick and collect products from different shelves, there are also some robots assisting humans to do this. From my perspective, technology is developing, to some extent, so slowly that it might sometimes causes conflicts and problems to the workers. However, as it develops to be more mature, it will definitely help human to produce.
Technology did not cause globalization. It may have facilitated it, but people have always been spreading ideas and moving from place to place whether it was via airplane or the Silk Road. Without the desire to globalize and the previous peoples travelling to far off places, technology would not be used in globalization. Otherwise innovation would advance in other directions than being able to share information and ideas. Globalization is the spreading of beliefs, ideas, information, and material goods throughout the world. Globalization is a powerful force that has always been driven by the human want to go farther than what they know and the spirit of trading. Technology is created after to facilitate this globalization, but it is not the driving force. Globalization is a very tricky subject because it has good aspects and bad aspects. There is no direct answer to whether or not globalization is definitely good or definitely bad. Globalization allows ideas to spread so that innovation is spurred. The sharing of ideas is helpful because it allows people to apply each other’s ideas to their own life that may be very beneficial or even expand on projects made by others. Furthermore, through globalization, material goods are cheaper. The dark side of this is how the prices are driven down. Using labor from countries where labor is not regulated and profits off child labor is a tactic used by large companies to be able to make their products cheaper. As explained in the article about the Amazon horror stories, being able to make things so quick and fast is through globalization, but it employs tactics that cause the suffering of others. The Amazon workers worked in inhumane conditions so that we can get our things for free and cheaply.
Technology has aided in globalization, but technology has not caused globalization. In “It’s Not Technology That’s Disrupting Our Jobs” the author, Louis Hyman, argues that it is not technology that is disrupting our jobs, but instead it is the result of big business. Prior to technology, cultures and ideas were still spread around the world mostly through trade along popular passages such as the Silk Road. Through trade, different areas now had access to new resources that led to new products and were now introduced to new ideas and ways of thinking. Technology has only sped up the process. Instead of traveling along the Silk Road, we can now tap an app and be bombarded with an infinite amount of opinions in seconds.
Like everything else in the world, globalization is simultaneously good and bad. In my words, globalization is the spread of an idea or item on a global scale. This quote by Hyman “If this emergent flexible economy were all bad or all good, there would be no need to make a choice about it,” backs this. If in every decision we had to make, the options were only “good” or “bad,” then they wouldn’t really be decisions. Some pros of globalization are the rapid spread of news, information, and resources. A con is that people get lazy, too lazy to care, too lazy to interact with others, and too lazy to learn. According to Business Insider, the 11 largest protests and marches in american history range from the 1963 Freedom March to the 2017 Women’s March on Washington. It’s almost as if they like being overtaxed. From Today in Criminal History, in 1773, “Mohawk Indians dumped crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act and its provisions for taxation of tea” eventually becoming know as the Boston Tea Party. Business Insider is just of the many websites on the internet that prioritize only focusing on more recent events, glorifying present day America and highlighting how Americans now know more and do less. We #blacklivesmatter and feel as if we just dumped a crate of tea into the Boston harbor. The speed and accessibility to information from technology is undeniably a key part of our global developments, but the negatives tend to be overlooked and ignored.
I think the New York Times article made an interesting point: “The history of labor shows that technology does not usually drive social change. On the contrary, social change is typically driven by decisions we make about how to organize our world. Only later does technology swoop in, accelerating and consolidating those changes.”
I think that in our world today, the ‘first’ world we are in at least, a lot of people believe that technology is the guiding force that leads all the change in society. So why does this New York Times writer think differently? He uses many examples to make his point, but I think the most relevant for this topic, is when he refers to today’s digital age. He says it is not as nuanced as everyone thinks it is. it is only. a second industrial revolution that has been working for the past forty years, just not as up front until now. I don’t know if I agree or disagree with his point that technology is what confirms human’s work in society, but I think there is merit in it.
Globalization is not the result of technology, it is the result of human greed. I know, it’s quite a pessimistic way of looking at it, but it’s true. Globalization truly started when people decided they wanted to conquer the world, namely the European powers in old times, but dating all the way back to the Romans in the ancient times. What does this quest for world domination give us? It gives upcountries and continents that were taken from its people and given new rules by people that don’t share any of their value, and usually let alone their own skin color. America is an example of this, but places like Africa and India are more so striking examples. While, I digress about people’s greed in this world and their poor choices and opinions, I do have to admit that much of our technology has come out of it. Nuclear weapons or nuclear anything wouldn’t have come into fruition without the need for one country to one up the other just in case they needed to blow up the other side of the planet. Much of America’s and Europe’s technological advancements were due to the war-time need for things. So, no I don’t think technology has caused globalization. It is definitely and byproduct and a tool to keep the wheel going.
If we look at today’s companies for example. One of the readings was all about Amazon and the poor worker-life quality, but those people stay in those jobs because people aren’t going to lose their buying power momentum for a long time to come . Technology was a byproduct for the need to make tasks easier such as shopping for necessities on the internet. But now, it’s a tool for all these big companies to keep luring people into to buying their products, into getting hired to increase their footprint on the world.
Globalization is the process in which organizations gain international influence and power. It is a process that is as old as time. Even in the earliest stages of the world’s economy, there was international trading in which certain cultures and their items carried larger value and influence than others.
In a more recent example, McDonalds is perhaps the archetype and face of globalization. Now operating in 119 countries, McDonald’s obtains immense international influence, molding the cultures that it enters to align with its consumption and money driven philosophies. Thus, to answer the question, “Has technology caused globalization”, I would argue that globalization has existed long before the technology that we have now. Globalization was a key war strategy since it provides economic and social dominance as well as power. The Romans used Globalization and American has used it ever since War World One.
However, my answer to the following question on whether globalization is good or bad is a bit more complex. In the past, globalization resulted in the bleaching of the cultures and societies that became overpowered by the “globalized” organization/business/country. For instance, we can see American values now integrated in most parts of the world due to the mass globalization of American businesses. Thus, the biggest consequence of globalization was the loss of cultural and philosophical diversity.
Yet, the globalization of today’s technology, such as Amazon, is a bit more worrisome. In the past, when a business globalized it would take years of planning. The business would need to find land in the other country, understand the new market, develop ways to pivot their product, and truly engage the new customers. We see this in the classic example of McDonald’s, who when entering the Indian economy, choose to add curry sauces to appeal to the new market. However, today, technology companies have access to endless amounts of data and thus, can easily enter a new economy and engage customers. A process that would take years can now be done in months and Amazon is the perfect example of rapid globalization.
I have been thinking a lot about society and comparing it with nature. I read an interesting article (one that I cannot find right now but will add to the blog post when I do) that argued that if we rethought society and transformed it to behave more like nature we would be more efficient, have absolutely no waste, more environmentally friendly and stronger to changes. As I thought about globalization, I began to think of it as similar to invasive species (without the negative associations with that word). In nature, due to typically human actions, a new species will be introduced into an environment. This new species disrupts the ecosystem and threatens the lives of the animals in the environment. Most of the time, this new species (or invasive species), will disrupt the food chain, resulting in various animals in the environment starving or dying and in turn, the ecosystem decaying as a whole. However, there are times, when a new species can enter a new environment and not collapse the ecosystem. In these examples, the new species grows at a slow pace within the environment and as result, the ecosystem has enough time to adapt to its presence. In the end, the ecosystem is able to stay healthy and alive, even with the new addition.
Returning back to globalization, in the past, when companies globalized, the globalization occurred slowly and carefully. As a result, the countries these companies entered were able to adapt around the new company. However, if the same laws apply to globalization as they do invasive species and ecosystems, then societies can be in real danger now that companies are entering rapidly.
The speed at which technology companies are growing as a whole are dangerous. Since they are growing so fast, it is hard for the public to monitor them. The article that discussed Amazon warehouses’ work environments was written in May, however, if you Google the words, “Amazon employees” now, you will be bombarded with articles with the recent pay raise (see attached photo). The safety of the work environments already became old news. These companies are growing so fast that it is possible for average person to keep track of exactly what is occurring behind the UI they see.
Globaliztion is a process that has been going on long before Amazon was even conceptualized and while it has had negative consequences in the past, globalization never occurred at the rate it is happening at with technology companies. We should be weary of the rapid globalization of technology because in this context, speed is power– If the technology companies are fast enough, they can overpower us all.
“Social change is typically driven by decisions we make about how to organize our world.” It is not driven by technology. Technology just further advances those decisions. When we are talking about globalization, the way businesses develop international influence, technology helps companies reach that influence through efficiency and advertisement. Although, it is the decisions the people that run these companies make with the technology that will either result in success or failure of globalization.
As seen in the article about Amazon being a leading company in the world for the shipping and handling of products in a timely manner, Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon, is one of the richest people in the world. Amazon has globalization. The decisions made by the people that run Amazon have made a large influence on consumers’ lives. The use of technology further advanced that. Why is this company so popular? Well, they give people’s products to them quick. People know they could depend on Amazon. How does Amazon do it?
Well, in a capitalistic society, it is of no surprise that Amazon wants to always please the customer in order to make maximum profit and make them always come back. Therefore, they put their money giving customers first and their employees second. As seen in the article, many of Amazon’s employees complained about their working conditions. Even though Amazon has claimed to change some policies due to criticism they received, employees exposed that things are still the same. “It is modern slavery”, said one worker.
It isn’t uncommon for major companies to treat their workers like shit, there’s a long complex history to it too. In order to make max profit companies seek out vulnerable people who will put up with low wages and abuse because they are unable to get any other sources of income. With abusing this power, people that work for these companies end up doing labor-intensive work for low wages while the people who run the companies continue to obtain maximum benefits. The consumer’s investment in these products continue to keep the company running and these poor conditions still exist for the worker. Therefore, it is important to do research on companies so that you know your not supporting poor working conditions for employees. Workers need to be humanized.
I cannot recall when the globalization became the topic our world. However, I can tell what I have seen of it. The connections between countries and regions have become much closer than that of decades ago. Both information and goods are exchanged internationally. Take Amazon as an example. The company started up in the US but spread around the world. In physic forms, Amazon transports goods with its strong transportation system which is accused as the oppression of workers in our reading material. However, the oppression proves the huge size of the need under globalization. The other form is built on the Internet. By offering service as cloud storage, Amazon transports information globally.
Both forms are based on the development of technologies. However, it doesn’t mean technology causes globalization. It is the need and desire to develop causes globalization. Like what is said in “It’s Not Technology That’s Disrupting Our Jobs,” new forms of work appear and some old forms fade away as the history of revolution of machines. The technology and globalization promote each other spirally. Technology offer chances to globalize and globalization creates the need for technological development.
In my opinion. globalization is a good thing to combine the wisdom of every community, although it needs we keep being humble and respect our co-workers.
Globalization is strongly connected with the development of technology. The discovery of American continent is based on the evolution of sealing technology. The steam boat boosted the global trading. And the invention of aircraft connected made long ranged travel easier. At modern age, the invention of internet is the most significant one that developed globalization. The information exchange became far cheaper and faster. People from different time zones can discuss the same topic under one sub-reddit with out messing their biological clock.
Globalization is a good thing. I cant imagine a world where I cant play Japanese video games at American. There’s countless advantages globalization brought but there’s still some little troubles. Some cultural conflicts always occurred when people with distinct background met. And for the in developed countries their chances of develop were greatly reduced since countries strong enough would prevent them from growing easily through globalization.
Even though technology is not the only reason that caused globalization, it is no doubt that technology plays a relatively important role in the process of globalization. During the Industry revolution, huge trucks were substituted by the steam trains, which were much more efficient and cheaper. Those trains connect different places together. Another good example of globalization is communication and the internet. In the past, the only way that people can convey messages were writing letters. It may take more than several months to get to the right place. But technology brings telephones, emails or even the possibility for people to discuss face to face. The online community also improved, allowing thousands of people to share their information on the platform.
Personally, I think globalization isn’t a bad thing. While every country shares their information together, we have more sources to access. Also, globalization is a process of combine different cultures and keep the harmony between cultures. It has been often said that globalization will finally make the countries unified into a whole, based on the foundation that every country keep their traditions but welcome to accept other cultures.
Technology, in its modern electrical sense, has accelerated the already rapid adoption of globalization by unifying cultures, languages, and experiences into one accessible resource and infrastructure (ex. Unicode, Internet Protocols, Programming Standardization, etc.) Technology, by its pre-electrical definition, could be argued to be a ‘cause’ of globalization insofar as the ships and trade it allowed for and required promoted exchanges of resources and ideas that might not have happened without technology as both an incentive and facilitator.
Whether or not the last 500+ years of globalization have been ‘good’ is a topic far too nuanced for this short a response, but as a matter of personal opinion I do believe that the technological advancement and societal democratization brought about by globalization more than make up for the cultural and lingual sanitization that globalization has imparted.
By definition in the Merriam Webster dictionary, to globalize is defined by “to make worldwide in scope or application”.
Has technology been globalized? I personally believe it has been, perhaps not ALL of it but for sure a LOT of technology has gotten globalized. We all have computers, some form of internet, some sort of transportation vehicle, tools that help with every day activities, in some aspects, technology is becoming more of a universal medium, more and more people have technology accessible to them as time goes on, and our society has grown around it.
Is this a good thing? Again, I believe it is. While I can’t speak much for us whether we should be a species that depends on technology I do think it’s a very good thing for the world to be globalized within technology. It makes us much more connected, You can be friends with someone from the UK, Spain, even Japan (given there is no language barrier). We can also be informed of current world events and be educated on what is going on, without technology we’d live in a old fashioned type of isolation where we don’t really go out of our way to be informed on these sort of things. Technology also allows us to understand differences in culture better, it has totally allowed for a more educated and accepting society as one person living in one state, one town, one province their entire life can make them sort of blind to the diversity that lies within this world.
I truly believe technology is the factor that can allow us to unite as a huge society of different, intelligent thinkers. I believe that the real question we should be asking is: “What can take us further?”. Since we can communicate and learn about other cultures across the world, finding an even more in depth way to interact with the rest of the world is what I believe can take us further.
I do believe that technology is what causes globalization. With the help of technology, ideas, products and information can be shared, saved and manipulated by people all around the world. Computers are all around the world and they are becoming more and more accessible as time goes on. This interconnectivity is the backbone of globalization businesses and individuals both have the power to influence others miles and miles away. As computers become more affordable, more of the world will be influenceable and the therefore the world will become increasingly globalized.