All posts by Hayeon Hwang

[Final Proposal] Imitation Museum

Presentation Slide

I am interested in using and collecting data from visitors in museums and use them with machine learning algorithm to increase more engaging and playful experience.


Imitation Museum is that can allow visitors to collaborate with the past artists and other visitors.

< Scenario >

Visitors can get in the museum and choose the favorite artist and art piece. And they go into the first section, “LEARN”. They start to look at the detail of the art piece and learn why the artist drew and what technic they used (where, what, what emotion, what style etc).

And visitors move to the next section, “IMITATE”. They can use a touch screen display(Tablet), they simply change or re-sketch the original pieces based on the original piece. For example, they can change the classic house into apartments and re-paint.  After drawing them, they submit it to the machine learning program.

Lastly, in “EXHIBIT” section, visitors can see their drawings and the original piece together to compare them. Also, they can check the collaborative version with the past artist that machine learning generates. Also, there is an artwork that all visitors created.


Technical challenge 

Generally, machine learning program is very slow to get the result. And I should learn more about it, could need time to process.

Design Challenge 

The basic concept is “Collaboration”, even though I got an image that the program generates, I am not sure people can believe or feel like it is a collaboration.

In addition, I would like to encourage them some level they want to imitate, not create a completely new image. So I think I need very easy steps to draw their sketches. (Also it would be the matter of time issue. )

As I said before, the process time would be slower. So It may need an additional stage or info for hiding the time after submitting.

<What do you want people to know when they leave?> 

I hope people feel as the artist who they want to know. If I am Van Gogh, what do I want to draw? And it would be great if the visitors try to watch more detailly the artwork to recreate their own.




Imitation Museum

When I first went to Europe, I took a bus in Paris to go Monaco. And I realized that the trees, mountains, and architectures were really different from my country. The color of trees is more yellowish and the shapes are more curved and complicated. And I could understand why some artists used the colors, the shapes. So I was thinking If Van Gogh born in Korea and see something different trees and sunsets, and sea, maybe he chose different colors.

So I would like to plan my art museum is ‘Imitation Museum’ where people can change colors or overlayed other drawings of well-known art pieces to imitate with own preferences or experiences, and the creations from users also exhibit with the original art pieces.

So this Art show has 3 stages, ‘Learn’, ‘Imitate’, and ‘Exhibit’.

First of all, the ‘Learn’ stage is to learn about the original pieces of backgrounds and technic they used, inspirations, effects, reasons why they created etc.

I also it reminds me of “Colour of Line” in Tate Modern Museum in London.  People can learn and see what Artist’s thinking and eyes and express their perspectives

“A permanent exhibition that uses Tate Britain’s resources of JMW Turner’s work to create a didactic display. Aiming at school children and older age visitors in the same way, muf architecture/art designed interactive experiments that mimic Turner’s studio environment in the early 1800s.”

(I was very interesting the color palette of each city and countries. Each city has different roof, soil, sea, sky, mountain colors)


2nd stage is “Imitate”.  In this stage, users can create their own artwork based on their thinking and experiences. They get has the same object from the famous art piece, but they can add their hand drawings, college or change colors, positions, sizes etc. They can draw on the touch screen or Ipad application and they can submit to exhibit next to the original pieces.

I was inspired by interactive Tiffany lamp installation in New York history of museums that people can change the colors of the lamp and build their own Tiffany lamp.

New-York Historical Design A Lamp from Small Design Firm on Vimeo.

And also Coloring books.

And the 3rd stage is “Exhibit”.  Many users cannot have a chance to exhibit their artwork on the wall in a gallery. I would like to give the experience to visitors and compare with the original artwork and other people’s works.

Furthermore, I hope to use the drawing data from people and original one to generate a new art piece. It may use machine learning algorithm or programming to combine all works and keep generating by people’s submitted drawings.



My Menifesto


1.Playful, Fun! 

I love playful and interesting projects with various mediums. I love touching, participating and playing with the contents. I also hope to make playful projects which can make people happy and smile! (One of the reasons that I keep working on Interactive installations is that I love to see the smiles and happy faces when they are doing my installations! )

Even though some exhibition’s concept is serious and deep, at least I would like to give delightful and pleasant feelings when they leave.

2. Hand-on, Interaction

I want to change people’s thinking about museums from ‘watching’ to ‘doing’ in the museum. I am happy to use relevant technologies to deliver the story and engagements. Also even though it is not digital contents, I want to make people can touch, write, draw, and share with others.

4.  Learn from experience, not a text 

I think ‘Text’ is necessary, but I don’t think people are coming to the museum to read something. I want to encourage them to interact and feel it from the contents directly. I also do not want to force to teach something to them with lots of text.

4. Well balanced between the delivering and experience and story. 

I often observe that some works are too leaning toward for fun or too serious research. I think I need to consider the balance between them.  And I think the power that can make a connection between them is “Story”. How can we use the story to make people have interests, or believe more?

5. Bring the experience into your life

I want to make a museum exhibits memorable and inspirational.  I cannot remember all exhibits that I visited. But apparently, there are some works are still remembered clearly and I could remind them when I need it.  I also want to make nicer documents even though finishing the exhibits, so whenever some visitors want to remind the piece again they can easily access to the database and find them and use the inspirations or information for their life.


[Website review]

I believe Museum websites are important for giving the first impression of museums especially for tourists and first visitors. I can see some features or characters from the website design and user flows.


There are lots of things to talk about the website design of AMNH, but on the other hand, I can understand why they did not update or change kind an old style of website. I think it is familiar for a variety of range people. Menus are on the top and big slide images show main events.

I think the main problem is the ton of the sub menus below each main menus. Each one has almost 10 subcategories.  It is better to have more simplified menus to navigate people.

( I actually worried about smartphone web view. But It is better than I expected! )


I visited The MET website to compare, I can feel it is more classic and arty mueum. Well designed layout and easy to find a menu that I looking for. It is quite modern design considering the smartphone web view. (one page, scrolling design)

I like the map view in the MET website. it is simple interactive to see the info of each building or room.


3. Eldridge Museum

It is a similar layout with The Met website, One-page load style, and simple design. I can easily reach the page that I want to.

4. Tenement Museum

Tenement Museum has a unique style of the museum to encourage the tours for almost of people. So it has the big info “Need help planning your visit?” to navigate to the booking page. There is a few step to book the tours.  I like the website a lot. It has various of font sizes to grab the people’s eye. I can see three words “Tour”, “Walk”, and “Meet”. I am sure it is core keywords of Tenement Museum.


I learned more possibility of a website now rather than just delivering information with menus.  We can also use WebVR, 3D panorama Tours, Interactive Web,  Web AR(ARCore) etc. It may also we consider the varied range of user’s ages and where they from and try to keep the standard format of layout, but the museum websites are also special that future visitors will spend time for a while themselves to have interests.



Diorama : Future of Farm Museum

I made a diorama for the Future of Farm. I have inspired the model for Urban farming (a.k.a Vertical farming). It is planning for producing more products and less contamination allowing to have several layers of plants and use a minimum of water. The bottom of the structure there are some water creatures which can also purify the water back.

I would like to take the concept for the museum that people can enjoy and experience themselves. I planned to make this museum more focusing the roles of the museum for community and research.

This museum has a vertical farming architecture in the center of the museum. People can buy a seed(e,g lettuce) and plant in the installation. The visitors can harvest them later when it grows or choose as donating for the community.

It has two spaces for the tasting room and research lab. People can eat the food from the main installation or urban farming. In addition, they run own research lab which can develop and have experiments for the future.

I also thought the design theme is very futuristic. So some walls used for full of touch screen and LCD screen.

Trip Report : AMNH


To be honest, when we went to AMNH this time I could not observe the two questions. (Observing how long people stand in front of the each exhibition and listening to their talk. ) But I will try this week when I visit AMNH again and I will update more.

I had a chance to work in the Exhibition department during the summer vacation, and I realized a couple of things that I didn’t notice before.

Obviously, there are lots of family visitors from all over the world. but also I noticed there are lots of nannies and children are coming. They normally come very early like before opening time, because they do not need to wait for a queue in the early morning. They spent a short time in the museum, and around lunchtime, they also bring the children the water fountain and have a lunch. I guess they are not much interested in the museum contents and seem like they visit very often. Nannys and children need larger and playful space to play outside.  Maybe it is also we need to consider the role of public spaces of the museums.

In AMNH, there are a couple of special exhibitions in a year. I visited one of the special exhibitions this year called ‘iCuba’. Even though AMNH’s general ticket is the Pay-what-you-wish admission,  those special exhibition admissions required a certain amount of money to get into.  It makes people more to stay in the exhibitions and to see the exhibitions more thoughtfully.

<Field Trip at AMNH>

( It is real Cabinets of Wonder! )

Because of this field trip,  I changed my mind and started to consider again the traditional purpose of museums. I always more focus on presenting the contents to the visitors for explaining and delivering information. On the other hand, the other important role of museums is to collect objects and materials of cultural, and historical importance, and ‘research’ into them. Even I have worked for a few months, I did not notice that there are lots of research departments and laboratories in the museum. And I was impressed the researcher’s passion and enthusiasm.

(He is also one of insect researchers in AMNH who I met during the summer, he was also very passionate and liked his work. All the jars in the room have lived or dead insects!! )






The Future Museum of Now

The Tenement Museum; The Wordmark Tower Tour (9/27/2115)
Location – Seoul, South Korea

This tenement museum can show the real resident life in early 21 century in Seoul, Korea. In the house museum, we could see and use all the digital devices and electronic appliances in person. Also, we can play the popular games at that time and watch some of the historical events from the old news. Compared to the other museums, this museum can touch and experience everything like a resident who really lived there. There was any guide but there were 4 holographic actors to perform as Hwang’s family. We can ask questions to each member and listen to their worries and goals of life. For example, teenager visitor can visit the Hwang’s daughter room and meet her and talk.

We went to see Hwang’s family which was one of the Korean common family houses in this building. There were 4 members lived together in 3 bedroom apartment. The two children were living until they were around 30’s. The guide told that it was common to live together until getting married at that time.

To meet the high cost of housing and food, the family worked hard for a long time. At that time South Korea was the second longest working time within OECD countries. As the result, they spent more time in their rooms to take a rest. The importance of kitchen and living room were getting smaller but their individual rooms were more necessary for their leisure time.

In Living room, we could see the LED TV and many different remote controllers to control many different digital devices like air conditioners, TVs, and home theaters etc. we could watch TV programs and commercial ads that showed very strange fashion and makeup. And there were some tablet phones called Smartphones which were commonly used for calling, searching and playing. Visitors can use them and even see their text messages and photos.

Mr.Hwang’s wife, Mrs. Kim was a housewife and spent most of the time in Kitchen. Her generation was quite unique because they had to take care both their parents and their children together. There were unique-designed home appliances for Korean families. For example, there was a different refrigerator for only Kimchi. In past, Korean people keep their Kimchi in the ground to keep it fresh with steady cool temperature. But they could not do it more after they lived in apartments and they created these refrigerators.

This building was built as a high-rise residential building with 36 floors.  In early 2000, there was a boom to build high-rise residential building to meet the supply of housing needs in Korea. It showed the concentration of the population in Seoul. Mostly in this building the Korean upper-middle class people used to live.

Even though the exterior and the interior were modern designed with marble floors and glass-fronted window walls, there were still some of the features of Korean housing. For example, all floors were built heating system called Ondol. This floor heating system was from 1000B.C in Korea and they kept following the traditional technology to the modern building.

This museum was very unique and we experienced like we were back to the early 2000’s to compare different cultures and interests to now.


I visited Tenement Museum in NY and had a Sweatshop tour. It was a unique style of the museum for me. The group of people visited the real residential area which was used for two Jewish families. A guide explained the story of the family and historical events. I was getting into the story and imagined the life at the time. Old and rusty wallpaper and creaking wood floors, all these things made me special experience.  I think the family story and the role of a guide were the most important factors to focus the museum tour. Visitors can ask questions to the guide and find questions with all objects from the period as an interactive and active visitor. This museum also reminds of the performance “Sleep No More”.

But we cannot touch almost everything to preserve and always followed the guide anytime. Maybe in the Future Museum of Now, we may be able to touch and use everything, and communicate the AI holographic family not just hearing from a guide. It could be more interesting hearing from each family members with their views.











Last weekend Jina and I went NYSCI in Queens. I had been there once last year when it was held on Maker Faire. I could see some of the exhibitions but I realised that I missed a lot of installations. This time we went to quite early and tried to look at all of the installations there.

There were many family visitors and children.

Why I really liked about the science museum was I could touch and play everything. It is always fun to play and realized something that I did not know before.

These are some interesting installations that used many senses.

< Temperature > 

This installation explained how different temperature by location in the Earth and Mars is. When I touched near the equator, I could feel warm, and top of the earth was very cold.

This door installation also used the warm temperature. But I saw that lots of people cannot notice that it is warm. How can we let them know it has a temperature without text? (Maybe hand symbol or light inside? )


There were also installations of smell about microbes. For me it was very exciting to smell them, but Jina was really afraid of smelling it. Because we did not know what smell would be. When we squeeze the bottle them we could smell it. I thought it is quite a clever way to exhibit smells, not sprayed to the air.


There are many knobs and buttons that imitate a small spaceship.  The height and space were only for children.

I could not play there two installations because the pieces and materials were depleted. We should think about how to keep these puzzle pieces and sand or how to keep maintain these.

Interactive wall installation 

Inside of amazing architect here, there was a huge screen that people can interact. I liked it has a story before we play with it. A narrator explained the story and rules. In terms of technologies, it used several Kinect cameras for touching and action with the wall. I was not sure about the logs, I think they used special fabric with IR lights from the ceiling.

It runs for 15min and during the time people cannot go in. So there are a couple of contents that people try.


Magic book installation

I saw once it was in AMNH. It is really engaging installation and beautiful. It was working very well! On top, it has a Kinect camera, and projector, camera. The material for the book pages is a kind of vinyl.

I  wondered how it recognized the page. And when we covered the number of the page…

It is gone! So the numbers were markers for recognizing the page. I heard from Brett who developed the Poisonbook in AMNH, the installation used the RFID tag and capacitor sensor. I think it is a slightly different way to build it with vision technic.

And finally my famous booth! explaining the diverse principle of physics and light etc. I love love love this floor. I always got huge inspiration to my work.

Last year I saw this piece about hyperboloid shape. I thought it was very authentic and interesting. I made this with motors in Intro to Fabrication class.

This is the piece that I made it after visiting NYSCI.

Also, I was so into the very classic and simple mechanical objects. The motor, bolt, and the bracket I keep watching the movement and usages.

This is also my favorite installation about spectra with the different light source. It is an exciting moment that I can find something in reality that I only read the book or internet.

<Science Playground>

There were many children with their parents. The parents helped to pump the water and children were playing with many different tools and installations.

 It was fun that we can play huge installations with our whole body.

 One thing I did not like about this playground is the booklet. The booklet was too dirty and difficult to see it. I understand many people do not want to read them in the playground. But I do! Maybe it is better has a very simple explanation with each installation.

NYSCI is definitely one of my favorite museums in NY. I love to go getting inspirations and playing like a child. They are used diverse approaches to explain scientific facts easily. Most of the installations are fitted for children’s height. The level of information is not high and the text is also very short compared to the other museums. Also, they used many questions for intriguing curiosity from visitors. In addition, to appeal visitors to participate in the installation, I can find there are many efforts to use smells, visual, touch, and listening etc. I realized that these installations are more difficult to maintain it than displayed exhibits, but I think it is worthy to use many different approaches to explain and keep visitors have interests in science museums.







Museum of Smell : Time to Meet Her

Time to Meet Her 

Installation, 2017
Incense, rice and a bowl

In Korea, we have a special ceremony called ‘Jesa’ as a memorial to the ancestors. My family normally hold this ancestral rite on the anniversary of the death of my grandmother. Before starting the rite, we open the front door a little bit to get her inside. We place an incense on rice with a bowl, and then one by one burn an incense. The meaning of the incense smell is to make ancestors come to this world from the other world.

And we bow twice, and while my head is on the floor for a few seconds I talk my grandmother. I ask after her. I ask my family to be healthy.

I smelled it whenever I talked to her, and I met her in my closed eyes. So this smell reminds of the days and the time to meet her.

VISIT SUMMARY : New York Historical Society Museum

During the summer vacation, I was interning AMNH and always passed the New York Historical Society museum. I was curious of the museum and I heard the museum has lots of interactive installations.

My first impression of the museum was fancy, clean and modern. Many signs were digital displays, used many glassy materials.

There were interactive information installations. While people can tilt left to right and touch the object to see the information. When I found it at first as a reference I thought it is AR project. But it wasn’t. The handle was very heavy and sturdily made.  I like the arrangement of historical art items and digital displays in the same space. Visitors can assume that the concept of this museum and how they use digital media to explain the New York’s history.

The handle was very heavy and sturdily made.  I like the arrangement of historical art items and digital displays in the same space. Visitors can assume that the design concept of this museum and how they use digital media to explain the New York’s history.

There were lots of digital displays. At first, I thought they were just displays, but they were all touch screens and have more information. Personally, I thought it was too much. No one wanted to read the long text in front of 9 vivid displays. (behind there are so many interesting real objects!)

The Gallery of Tiffany Lamp 

Interior and stair were gorgeous and modern, and the Tiffany lamps were sophisticated and colorful.

There is very simple interactive installation in the Tiffany gallery.  It was pushing the button below and watching the light up the building models. If it has more narratives or sequences of the lighting up then it would be great.

And the buttons!! Every digital installation here was used very sturdy metal buttons or interfaces, except this! These are plastic buttons that we normally used for prototyping.

This installation was my favorite in the museum! It was very authentic and fun.  There is the big neat black table with copper conductive sensor parts that are representative the each pattern of the colors. and there is a metal knob to choose the color. Then the color changes and customizes the lamp color.

The each drawer has different color and patterns of glass on the light box. It was so beautiful to look at it.

But the text “Open drawer” is too small that people can notice. I saw many people skipped this installation.

Even though there are so many cool interactive or digital installations, some are very unkind. I think we need to think about the balance of between the authentic side of installations and informative ways.

(People cannot find the buttons below their knee height without any informing color or text! )

In addition, I felt there was too much information to the information board.  Because of the glass barrier, people could not read it closely. It feels like too small and too many texts of the wall.

Also, many information panels were located at the bottom. So I thought It was good for kids, but the text size is too small. It was very difficult to read it.

I was very much enjoyed some embedded display installations. It explained the usage and story without reading!  Shadow animation was very well harmony with real historical objects.

Chair and toilet!

I think this museum is very well commercial sections. It has two fancy restaurants and a big museum shop and a small special exhibit shop(Eloise).

This application is located in the museum shop and can order the pictures with fully customized frame and size.

Actually, I enjoyed New York Historical Society museum a lot. Most of installations and displays are well organized and designed enough to enjoy all aged people. Especially I could see many white old, mid aged people, they read the text fully and spent their time more than young people. I think it is very important to consider each age people’s needs and behavior patterns.