Week 2: Sculpting and Modeling Techniques

Overview

First sculpts!  We’re going to learn some quick ITP-friendly sculpting techniques. We will learn ways to make our designs real.

Tin foil and polymer clay sculpture form

 

Artists to Watch

Jordan Elise Perme
Jason Freeny
Kanokid

 

Show and Tell

We will show and discuss our work and get it ready for display.  Tape turnaround sketches to the wall.  Display your wooden blanks on the stand.

 

Displaying Work

We will be showing our work publicly on the floor.

 

Modeling/Sculpting

Our goal is to take your turnaround sketch and translate it into the 3D world.

Gorilla toy walk through.

 

Sculpting Techniques

I’m breaking down the sculpting techniques into the following buckets: hand sculpting, CAD, subtracting, found materials, and using flat stock.

Hand Sculpting

Polymer Clay Super Sculpey
Super Sculpey is a polymer clay that stays pliable until it is baked and then it can be painted.  If you have experience with clay modeling this medium should be familiar.

Hand sculpting with Super Sculpey

Aluminum foil sculpting

Cheapest, cleanest, fastest way I can think of to go from drawing to a 3D form.  Crush, crumple, push into a form.  Great for the first roughing-out models.

 

CAD
CAD can be turned quickly into a 3D print or CNC’d object.

Simple Volumes

If CAD is new to you, try creating characters with simple volumes: spheres, cones, cylinders.

Or build a form out of a combination of simple extrusions.

I typically use Vectorworks, but any CAD software that exports to a .stl or.obj file should work.

CAD models created with spheres and cones

Some simple shaped toys: Danbo, Green Haro

CAD Medium

Medium is a VR CAD sculpting program.  It is closer to sculpting by hand than traditional CAD.

Screen grab from Medium modeling software

Medium Tutorials

 

Subtracting

Removing material from a block.  Typically a material that is soft and easy to sculpt.

Blue Foam Modeling
Hand sculpting a form from blue insulation foam.  A typical material used by industrial designers.  The affordable foam can be worked quickly.  Creates a lot of dust.

Artist sculpts blue foam with a rotary tool

Drill/Sand/Saw/Route/Mill/Turn/File/Carve

Typically done to wood.  Our shop is set up well for these techniques.

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コケシのように回転させながら削るのをウッドターニングと言うんですけど、ほらランニングハイってありますね、これ連続で作ってるとターニングハイもあるんですよ。 やべぇ疲れたぁ、、、でも、楽しぃすぎる~~~!みたいな。 ■Gallery exhibition Nakagawa Takeji’s Parquet Work Exhibition “Kotenkotenten”. We will only sell artworks in the Gallery “Norari Kurari”. /Period/ 11/4(Saturday) /2017 1:00PM-5:00PM 11/5(Saturday) from 12th(Sunday) 10:00AM-5:00PM /place/ Gallery “Norari Kurari” (next to Nakagawa Takeji workshop) Address: 970-1, Yoshida, Nakano-shi, Nagano Prefecture, JAPAN Phone number: 0269-23-2121 E-mail address: mail@take-g.com Free entrance. The temporary parking lot is Hino Shrine. (1 min on foot) *(Important information) If you want to purchase the works, Gallery exhibition dates please visit Japan. My work can sell only in the Gallery “Norari Kurari”. Cannot sell my works in iiyama City Museum of art, so please note earnestly. You can see exhibits both on the same day moving the iiyama City Museum and Gallery inefficient use cars and buses. #木 #木工 #工芸 #木のおもちゃ #花瓶#craft #wood #woodwork #woodworking #woodcarving #woodentoys#arttoy #toyart #designertoys #designertoy #arte #toyartistry #instaartist #interiores #kimono #kokeshi #コケシ #doll #dolls #artdoll #handmadedoll #flowervase #flower #wooddesign #designwood

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Found Materials

Kitbashing, ready mades, …

Almost all of the toy prototypes from The Toys That Made Us were built with or on top of existing toys.

Kitbashing
Taking parts/pieces from existing model kits, plastic objects, or toys to create original pieces.

Steps to kitbashing a futuristic vehicle

Mashups
Taking casts from existing toys (or existing toy parts) and restructuring them into original pieces.

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Some things in store…. healeymade.com

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Junk Shelfing

If you’re lucky you can find some great parts on the junk shelf.

Vacuum Forming

Making your own plastic pieces.

 

Flat Stock Sculpting

Stacking/Layering Flat Stock for 2.5D Sculpting

Stacking flat stock to create your object can be quick, cheap, and iterative.  Paper, cardboard, thin wood, and acrylic work well. Easy to try different colors.

Steps to make a fun duck

Daniel Moyer’s fun duck

 

Flexible Sheet Material

Flexible material can be bent or curved to create you form.  Paper and vinyl are great for this.  So is the vinyl cutter.

2.5D Relief 

Shallow etching can create some interesting effects with thin material.

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8-Bit Mario #mario #luigi #nintendo

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Styrene Scratch Building

Using nothing but styrene and styrene weld, you can build models from scratch.

 

In Class

Aluminum Foil Sculpting

Kitbashing/Vacuum Former/Junk Shelf

Medium modeling demo

 

Assignment

You will sculpt your piece .  This is not your final version, there will be more to come.  This is to make it real.  Check for scale.  Form.  Color.   See if you’re on the right track.  Blog and Instagram your work.

 


Related Reading/Viewing

Kit-Bashing and Scratch-Building

Basic Bondo for Designers and Model Makers

How to Make Paper Craft Models

Medium Tutorials

NYU LaGuardia Studios