Week 1: Intros, Safety, and Tools

Overview

In this class we will introduce ourselves, talk about what will be expected in this class, talk shop safety, and start our tour of the shop.

 

“Don’t blame the tool, blame the carpenter.”

Toolbox with tools

 

The Goal

The goal of this class is to make you more informed more confident makers.  Teach a respect and healthy fear of tools (both hand and power).  And to get you started on the long road of craftsmanship.

It won’t happen over night, but the more you make, the better you will become.

 

Grading

You will be graded based on attendance (getting to class on time), class participation, and projects.

 

The Website

The class site has all of the information you need for the class – lectures, assignments, and links.  But it also has a list of valuable Resources, both online and local vendors, and How To’s, step by step instructions and videos.

If you have a favorite vendor that is not on the list or want a particular how to, let us know and we will add it.

 

What I’m Looking For and Care About

 

Secrets to Success

  • Buy/gather materials and tools early and get more than you need
  • Fail fast, experiment, try things, then try something else
  • Start early, a week is not much time

 

Misconceptions

There is no flat, no straight, no level.  Nothing is parallel or perpendicular.  These are concepts only, they do not exist.  There is no perfect.

All we are doing is getting close enough, good enough, within tolerance.

 

Show and Tell

Every week we will show off our work.  This is a time to talk about techniques and tools used, failures and roadblocks encountered.  We should all be asking questions, how’d you do that?  Where’d that come from?  What tool(s) did you use?

Image of the first flashlight I made
One of the very first things I made, a flashlight

This “flashlight” is the oldest thing I have that I made.  I made it for my grandma when I was around 10 years old. A couple of C batteries, some electrical tape, a button, and an old Christmas light.

 

Tool of the Week

Spring loaded center punch
Spring loaded center punch

The spring loaded center punch is a very handy tool for scribing and marking holes in wood, metal, and plastic.  Simply push it  down on the material until the release mechanism is engaged.

Drill bits typically “travel” when initially making contact with material when there isn’t a small indent for them to grab on to.

 

Tip of the Week

To invent, you need a good imagination and a pile of junk.”
— Thomas Edison

Get to know the junk shelf.  There is no better source of free materials and inspiration than this ever changing cupboard of clutter.  Look to the junk shelf, love the junk shelf.

 

Safety

Goggles
Goggles

Wear the proper shop clothing.  No shirt, no shoes, no shop.  Wear clothes you don’t mind getting dirty.  Tie back hair and roll up sleeves.  No jewelry on you hands, wrists, or neck.  No ties, no lanyards, no scarves.

Face Shield
Face Shield

Wear goggles or face shields when using power tools.  Wear a dust mask and gloves when necessary.  Never wear gloves while operating power tools in the shop.

Rule of thumb: if you think you should be wearing protective gear, wear protective gear.

If you are unsure of how a tool works or think that it may be broken or malfunctioning, grab an instructor or shop staff.  Never use a power tool you are unfamiliar with.

If a tools breaks down on you (a blade snaps, makes a weird noise, suddenly stops), you are not in trouble, it happens.  But please let someone on the shop staff know.  We can’t fix it, if we don’t know it’s broken.

A clean shop is a happy shop.  Always clean up after yourself.  Leave the shop better than you found it.

 

Tools

The shop provides many tools for students, but you will inevitably need/want to purchase your own.  Start with a sturdy toolbox, a set of standard screwdrivers (both phillips and flat, both small and large), pliers, wire strippers, clippers, a pack of standard drill bits, and a pair of good scissors.  Build up from there.

See Adam Savage’s full list for starter tool kit recommendations (great list).

 

Rules for Tools

  1. Get yourself some tools
  2. Take care of your tools
  3. Never lend your tools

 

Drills, Routers, and Rotary Tools

 

Hand Drill

Hand Drill

Probably the most used power tool in the shop.  Drills make holes in material by spinning bits.  The bits are held in place by tension from the chuck.  Some drills we have in the shop need a chuck key, some are keyless.

Remember to place batteries in chargers when drill is not in use.

 

Driver or Impact Driver

Driver

Drivers are primarily used to drive in and remove screws and other fasteners.  They can be used as drills but are usually less powerful.

 

 

Drill Press

Drill Press

One of the most useful power tools in the shop.  Used primarily to drill perpendicular holes into material.

Drill Press Basics

 

Rotary Tool

Dremel/Rotary Tools

These tools can sand, shape, cut, drill, polish, and sharpen.  Dremel bits are held tightly in a collet, similar to a drill’s chuck.

Tip: if you plan on using this tool often, get your own bits.  They run out quickly and parts get lost as the semester goes on.

 

Router

Router

The router is loud and scary, but an incredibly versital tool.  Great for cutting decorative edges, channels, or shaping wood.  Router bits come in all shapes and sizes and are held in place using a collet (similar to a rotary tools). The shop’s CNC is essentially a computer controlled router.

We will go over the router in depth in next week’s class.

 

Types of Drill Bits

There are numerous types of drill bits out there.  Most are used for very specific operations.  The list below contains a few of the bits you will typically use and specialty bits that will add an extra level of polish to your projects.

Drill Bits

Standard Drill Bits

An all-around bit, good for wood, metal, and plastic.

 

Brad Point Drill Bits

Brad Point Bits

Great for drilling holes in wood.

 

Spade Bits

Spade Bits

Great for removing material (hogging out), leaves a ragged looking hole.

 

Forstner Bits

Forstner Bits

Drill very clean holes in wood.  For best results, use in a drill press.

 

Hole Saw Bits

Hole Saw

A hole saw, also known as a hole cutter, is a ring shaped saw blade, which creates a hole in the workpiece without having to cut up the core material.

 

Step Down Drill Bits

Step Drill Bits/Unibit

Ideal for drilling holes into thin materials such as stainless steel, copper, brass, aluminum, plastic and laminates.

 

Counter Sink Drill BitsCounter Sink Drill Bit

Counter Sink Bits

Used to accommodate countersunk screws in wood, metal, and plastic.

Driver bit screwing in a screw

Driver Bits

Driver Bits

Used for screwing in fasteners.

 

Router Bits

Router Bits

There are numerous types of router bits for different types of cuts and profiles.  We will go over the router and router bits in-depth in next week’s class.

 

 

In Class Demo: Drill Press

The drill press is one of the most useful tools in the shop.  We will cover the following:

  • How to chuck up a bit and other basics
  • Changing speeds of the drill press
  • Use of stops, clamps, and vices
  • Use of sacrificial boards to prevent tear out
  • Changing angles, changing height
  • Use of lubrication and pilot holes

 

Assignment

Build a flashlight using any tools or techniques you’d like.  I’m defining a flashlight as:

  • portable
  • creates light

I’ll be pretty forgiving of these rules as long as it lights up.

Document and post your progress and project to your blog.

 

 

Field Trip

Go to Canal Lighting and Parts and see what is available.  Find a part(s) that interests you.  You don’t necessarily need to use these parts for the assignment, it is just to get the juices flowing.

 

What You Should Try

Try drilling holes using different materials and different bits.  Get a feel for each type.  Get comfortable with the drill press, it is one of the most used tools in the shop.

 

What You Should Buy

If you are going to buy one tool for this class, I recommend a standard set of drill bits (wood, metal, plastic).  Drill bits dull and break over time, so it is very useful to have your own set.

Find them at Home Depot or Amazon (or just about any hardware store anywhere).


 

Related Reading/Viewing

Adam Savage’s Beginner’s Toolkit

How to Make a Flashlight From Scratch

Flashlight Instructables

A Beginner’s Guide to Drills and Bits

Drill Press Basics

Drill Bit Basics

How to stay safe in the workshop