Week 13: Affordable Digital Fabrication Machines


Now that you have learned how to use all of these incredible digital fabrication tools, what do you do when you graduate and no longer have access to expensive machines?  Buy or build your own of course.

The act of building a tool provides inspiration for how I will implement its use.  — Chris Bathgate


Affordable CNC Options

All prices are subject to change.


Vinyl Cutters

Silhouette CAMEO

Vinyl cutter

The cutter uses a small blade to cut paper, cardstock, vinyl, fabric, and other material up to 12 inches wide and 10 feet long.

Cost: $300

Cutting Mat
Replacement Blade

Toni Dove Pyramids project


Silhouette Curio

vinyl cutter

The cutter can do stippling, etching, debossing, embossing and dual carriage features.  8.5 in. x 6 in. base.

Cost: $250



The AxiDraw is a simple and versatile pen plotter, capable of writing or drawing on almost any flat surface. It can write with your favorite fountain pens, permanent markers, and other writing implements to handle an endless variety of applications. Its unique design features a writing head that extends beyond the machine, making it possible to draw on objects bigger than the machine itself.

Cost: $475

The AxiDraw has been used simply as an X/Y “mover” for a lot of projects.
Hot Dance


CNC Mill Kits


X-Carve CNC kit

It is the latest CNC kit from Inventables, which can be purchased piecemeal — to easily upgrade your Shapeoko 2 — or as a fully loaded kit. The kit has custom parts that replace the complicated assemblies in previous models. This ensures an easier build, a sturdier machine, and a better cut. And there are two sizes available, standard (work area 12″ x 12″) and large (work area 31″ x 31″).

Cost: $2,000 for 1000mm  fully loaded kit

Non-computerized CNC


Shapeoko 3

Shapeoko 3 kit

A bit of a departure from the Shapeoko 2 design, the Shapeoko 3 sports bigger rails and beefier hardware. It still arrives in kit form, but with a much shorter build time (2 to 3 hours). The work area is larger (16″ x 16″ x 3″) and the stepper motors are more powerful than the Shapeoko 2. All parts made in the U.S.A., but the spindle is not included.

Cost: $1500 for fully loaded kit



Carvey CNC

Not currently available.  The Carvey is a ready to run fully enclosed CNC from Inventables. They claim it is clean enough and quiet enough to use in the home (“you can be talking on the phone while it is running”).  It is compatible with any software that exports g-code, but they recommend their easy to use web app Easle.

Cost: $2500


The Nomad 883

Nomad 883 CNC

Another enclosed, ready to cut model, the Nomad 883 is made by Carbide3D. The mill has a solid metal frame, but you have the option of finished bamboo or durable HDPE for the enclosure trim. Custom software comes with the Nomad, Carbide Motion to control the machine and MeshCAM for creating tool paths. There is an end mill sensing probe that makes “changing tools a breeze”.

Cost $2500


Bantam Tools Desktop PCB Milling Machine

Bantam Tools Milling Machine

You are already familiar with this machine.  Great for milling PCBs and small wood, plastic, and aluminum parts.  Software is user-friendly.

Costs $2,500

The Edge Podcast



The D.I.Wire Pro has a bend mechanism that delivers smooth, tight radius curves — from fine orthodontic retainer wire to stainless steel parts.

Cost: $3,675.00


Pocket NC

Pocket NC

The Pocket NC is a 5 axis desktop CNC mill.  This is a radically different design from most available desktop machines and has the potential to make some amazing parts out of wood, plastic, and aluminum.

Cost: $6,000


SwissMak (Kickstarter)

The SwissMak combines all the functionality of both CNC lathes and CNC mills. Turning parts is quick and easy with the 8 station live tool turret, and the swiveling 30 taper milling head lets you cut features at any angle. You can make any part geometry you want on a 5 axis mill-turn machine.

Cost: $4,700


The Handibot


ShopBot produces a few table top CNC’s, but the model I’m most interested in is their Handibot–a portable jobsite-ready CNC router. Their website claims you can use the machine “on a table, the floor, the ceiling, the wall, wherever you need to precisely cut, drill, or carve.” Yes, you read that correctly, the ceiling.

Handibot is completely open source. All design files for both the hardware and software are available and ShopBot encourages modifications and remixing.

Cost: $4800


Shaper Origin

The world’s first hand-held CNC machine.  Shaper Origin combines robotic precision with hand tool simplicity to create a first-of-its-kind machine: a handheld CNC that only cuts what you tell it to. This portable, intuitive, and powerful tool is capable of handling a wide variety of materials and projects.

Cost: $2100


Waterjet Cutters

The NYU MakerSpace has a waterjet cutter.  Here is my first experience with it cutting carbon fiber.


Wazer waterjet machine

A compact waterjet for every workshop. WAZER can cut through any material, which allows you to make things with professional-grade quality. Steel, Aluminum, Glass, Stone,
Carbon Fiber, and more.

Cost: $7,500



High performance, personal abrasive waterjet.  Comes with PC, software, pump, and garnet.

Cost: $24,000


Laser Cutters

Glowforge Plus

Glowforge laser cutter

Cost: $4,000


But wait, there’s more

It seems there is a new CNC being Kickstarted every week, keep an eye out for inventive machines/solutions.

There are other options than just mills.  Vinyl cutters and embroidery machines are very affordable useful machines.

And there are numerous  kits and DIY CNC solutions.   Instructables has many DIY CNC build projects.

Joe’s CNC

PDJ Pilot Pro CNC Routers and Projects

Bad Dog CNC

Contraptor Mini CNC

Zen Toolworks CNC DIY Kit


Finals Check In

One week left to work on the project.  Where are we?  Material should definitely be purchased, ideally in hand by now.  Drawings should be ready, machine time already reserved.


Taking Inventory

Some of you have tools and materials, some of you don’t.  That’s ok.  We’re going to make this work.

The Fabrication Situation

Related Reading/Viewing

Guerrilla Guide to CNC Machining, Mold Making, and Resin Casting

Milling Time: The (Near) Future of Desktop Milling

We Spent A Week With Carvey

Make’s: Digital Fabrication Shootout

The Edge Podcast